From page 6: Overall, benthic fauna in the MAB are predominately suspension feeders or carnivores, many of which are mobile either being free burrowing or tube building fauna. This makes sense given the lack of hard bottoms, reefs and rocky outcrops in the MAB.
From page 4: Few natural hard bottoms exist though several artificial reefs occur through the shelf floor providing hard surfaces for sessile benthos to attach.
Trust me, there is incredibly more natural substrate than artificial reef! The reliance on a sole document, the same one used by Stiemle and Zetlin in their effort to document "...reef-like habitats in the mid-Atlantic Bight..." has created a 'dark age' in the study of our region's marine ecology.
Since 1964 there's been $34,385,000.00* worth of black sea bass sold by commercial fishermen in the mid-Atlantic.
How about $390,848,012.00* worth of lobster ~ Artificial reef?
It's time to turn a light on.